1450:Start of Atlantic slave trade, with the transportation of enslaved African people through the Atlantic by the Portuguese.
1500: Pedro Alves Cabral, a Portuguese explorer, claims the land that became Brasil for the Portuguese crown. The Portuguese rapidly start transporting enslaved African people to the new colony. 1500 Pedro Alves Cabral, a Portuguese explorer, claims the land that became Brasil for the Portuguese crown. The Portuguese rapidly start transporting enslaved African people to the new colony.
1600: The Quilombos dos Palmares is established in the state of Alag�as. A quilombos is one of the communities of escaped slaves. The need for secrecy means it is impossible to give a definite date that this community started.
1695: After many attempts, the Quilombos de Palmares is stormed and resistance is finally ended with the capture and execution of leader of Palmares King Zumbi.
1793: Is the year officially recognized as the beginning of the end of the international slave trade. The UN commemoration of the end of slavery marks the anniversary of the rebellion and subsequent founding of a republic in Haiti
1807: The trade in slaves was outlawed in UK and USA. This did not apply to those people already living under slavery in these countries. The agreement ‘on paper’ happened on this date, but it took at least another 50 years for it to stop in practice.
1808: King Dom Joao VI arrived with his court fleeing Napoleon’s occupation of Portugal 1820’s Some of the earliest descriptions of a more violent Capoeira game date from this time — in letters, books and official records — using the name Capoeira and with some characteristics recognizable from the game today.
1833: Slavery was abolished as in institution in the UK and USA and people living under captivity in those countries were freed.
1835: A well-documented armed uprising in Salvador, Bahia led by the men of Sudanese, Muslim origin, sometimes known as ‘the males rebellion’. The rebels held the city for three days. This was an era of many rebellions and slaves began to organize themselves secretly at this time.
1840: Successful slave ship rebellion on board the Amistad. This story was dramatized by Steven Spielberg in his film ‘Amistad’
1888: Princess Isabel signs the Golden Law finally freeing the slaves in Brasil, the last country to abolish slavery.
1889: Vincente Ferreira Pastinha (later Mestre) is born in Salvador, Start of European immigration to Brasil. Europeans were given preferential treatment over the freed Africans in terms of jobs and land rights.
1890: Brasil makes the transition from monarchy to republic. President Marechal Deodoro da Fonseca passes Law 487, formally prohibiting African cultural expression (including Capoeira). The Finance Minister, Ruy Barbosa, signed a resolution to ‘cleanse’ slavery from his country’s history. This resulted in the burning of the majority of official written information about the Africans in Brasil.
1900: Manuel dos Reis Mechado (later Mestre Bimba) is born in Salvador, Bahia.
1932: Mestre Bimba opens his first Capoeira Regional Academy — The Regional Physical and Cultural Centre. Official recognition was given to Bimba’s academy in 1936 — 1937 (available sources give both dates). Salvador, Bahia.
1934: Law 487 was formally repealed. In practice it had been relaxed over time.
1941: Mestre Pastinha founded O Centro Esportivo de Capoeira de Angola no Pelourinho in Salvador, Bahia.
1942: Brasil participates in the Second World War
1940 — 1945: Ol�vio Bispo do Santos founded a group in Santos, Sao Paulo.
1956: The Capital of Brasil moves to the newly formed city, Brasilia under the government of the president Juscelino Kubitchech.
1961: Capoeira is introduced as an efficient fighting practice to the Police Academy of Guanabara, Rio de Janeiro